All CIMA

Publications

How Social Media Taxes Can Burden News Outlets: The Case...
CIMA Digital Report

In July 2018, the government of Uganda implemented a tax on individual users of social media platforms. In the first three months following the introduction of the tax in the country, internet penetration dropped from 47 percent to 35 percent. Given that a significant amount of n...

Confronting the Crisis in Independent Media: A Role for ...
CIMA Digital Report

The international community is waking up to its responsibility to protect and strengthen independent media around the world. This report puts forward recommendations for how that responsibility can be translated into action, acknowledging the complexity of the crisis facing indep...

A Regional Approach to Media Development in West Africa
CIMA Digital Report

West Africa sits at a critical juncture that will determine whether the coming years are spent defending against reversals in media freedom and pluralism, or moving forward toward new and lasting progress. In this context, the Media Foundation for West Africa consulted stakeholde...

“Free Internet” and the Costs to Media Pluralism: Th...
CIMA Digital Report

In many countries, mobile operators have teamed up with social media platforms to offer free access to specific websites or internet services—including news websites. The most well-known of these offerings, Facebook’s Free Basics, has been explicitly pitched as a way to give ...

Defending Independent Media: A Comprehensive Analysis of...
CIMA Digital Report

When donors provide assistance to the media sector, they frequently back projects that aim to strengthen the media’s contribution to good governance in some way or another. This kind of funding is consistent with recent declarations made by the international community on the im...

A New Wave of Censorship: Distributed Attacks on Express...
CIMA Digital Report

In both authoritarian and democratic contexts, new forms of censorship online are carried out through distributed attacks on freedom of expression that are insidiously difficult to detect, and often just as effective, if not more, than the kinds of brute force techniques by state...